Course After class 12th Science PCMB

Top courses after 12th Science

Courses after 12th Science:- Engineering Courses,duration, eligibilitly,Job profiles, Salary, Fees, Colleges, etc.
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career after 12 science

Once the senior secondary exams get over,

Many people opt for science because they think that to be an Engineer or an MBBS is the most sought after profession but the reality is that Science is a widely split stream and it has a lot of career options for its aspirants apart from just being a Doctor or an Engineer.

This article aims at acknowledging a vast range of courses provided by the science stream and questions related to them which generally bother the students. For instance, the names of institutions which provide these courses, necessary entrance exams required, etc.

Science is divided into 2 sub categories on the basis of the subjects they include.

  • PCM ( mathematics group)
  • PCMB (biology group)

The courses under this stream are designed on the basis of the above mentioned 2 categories.

The list of courses under PCM is as follows:

  • Engineering Courses
  • BSc Courses
  • BCA
  • B. Arch
  • B. Pharmacy
  • Commercial Pilot Training
  • Merchant Navy Courses
  • Joined Armed Forces
  • Diploma Courses

PCMB( for biology students)

  • MBBS
  • BDS
  • B.A.M.S
  • Pharma D
  • BSC Nursing
  • B.H.M.S
  • Bachelor of physiotherapy
  • B.U.M.S
  • B.A.S.L.P

Now we will move towards the details of each course.

Engineering Courses

After finishing 12th science stream schooling, one may go for undergraduate B.E. or B.Tech. Engineering program. The course duration is 4 years. After B.E./B.Tech., one may also go for M.E./M.Tech., which is master degree course in Engineering! M.E./ M.Tech. program lasts for 2 years. Some of the prominent branches of Engineering are-

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • IT Engineering
  • IC Engineering
  • EC Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Dairy Technology and Engineering
  • Agricultural Information Technology
  • Power Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering
  • Motorsport Engineering
  • Metallurgy Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Naval Architecture

Biotechnology Engineering is one such course that both Mathematics and Biology group students may pursue!

After Engineering, one may easily find relevant jobs both in private as well as public sectors! If B.E./ B.Tech. Degree is followed up with M.E./M.Tech. Degree, one may also venture into the teaching field and become a College Lecturer!

Job profiles available after completing engineering courses are-

  • Chief Engineer
  • Assistant Engineer
  • Supervisor
  • Consultant


Starting salary of an engineer depends upon a number of factors. Some of the prominent factors are –

  • Institute from which the candidate completed the course
  • Level of education (UG, PG etc)
  • His/her specialization
  • The domain he/she has chosen
  • Job location

On an average, starting salary could be anywhere between 30-75K INR per month. In case of a Government job, the salary will be as per the pay scale and grade.

B.Sc courses

After Engineering, B.Sc. programs are what 12th Science students choose often. When it comes to B.Sc. program, the course duration is 3 years. After graduation, one may go for PG course- M.Sc. It lasts for 2 years. Some good B.Sc. courses are-

  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Forestry
  • B.Sc. IT
  • B.Sc. Computer Science
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Mathematics
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Hotel Management
  • B.Sc. Nautical Science
  • B.Sc. Sports Management
  • B.Sc. Electronics
  • B.Sc. Electronics and Communication
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Aviation
  • B.Sc. Animation and Multimedia

The beauty associated with B.Sc. program is that many top Universities are offering attractive scholarships for meritorious students! Also, when B.Sc. is followed up with M.Sc., one may build a good career in Research and Development field!


B.C.A. stands for Bachelor of Computer Applications. Like B.Sc., B.C.A. too is a 3 years long course. This course focuses on Computers, software and applications, programming languages etc.

After getting B.C.A. Degree, one may also go for PG course- M.C.A. It is a Master program and lasts 2 years. Talking about job opportunities, one may find jobs in both private as well as Government sectors. But private sector chips in with more job opportunities! Especially IT MNCs recruit B.C.A. Graduates in large numbers! One may also venture into the teaching profession after doing M.C.A.!

Colleges: There exists many BCA colleges across India. Many Science Colleges are also known to offer this course.

Job profiles available after completing the course are-

  • Software developer
  • Computer Engineer
  • Project Manager
  • Software tester


B.Arch. stands for Bachelor of Architecture. Explaining in simple terms, it is a branch that deals with planning and construction of homes, buildings, commercial structures, public utility structures etc.

Duration of B.Arch. course is 5 years. Talking about job opportunities, one may get into MNCs and top players operating in the Construction as well as building sector. Also, if you are creative and passionate, you may also start up on your own, planning, designing and creating homes and small projects.

Colleges: There exists many B.Arch. colleges across India. Many Engineering colleges are also known to offer this course!

Admission process: Reputed Colleges rely on merit based admission process. They allot seats to deserving candidates on the basis of marks scored by students in relevant entrance tests (NATA, JEE, State level exams, College level exams etc).

Job profiles available after completing the course are-

  • Chief Architect
  • Assistant Architect
  • Resource Manager
  • Planning & Design professional
  • Consultant


Many might be surprised on seeing B.Pharm. in this section! But yeah, even Mathematics group students may go for B.Pharm.!

Pharmacy course is all about the pharmaceutical sector. It deals with topics such as making medicines, chemicals involved in making medicines, uses of medicines etc. This course is 4 years long.

After completing B.Pharm., one may follow it up with the Master’s Degree- M.Pharm.! Talking about job opportunities, Pharmaceutical companies are the prime job providers. One may also get job in hospitals that hires chemists. Government sector jobs are also available for graduates, such as- in Government hospitals, as an Officer in the Drugs department

Opening one’s own shop is another option! A combination of B.Pharm. and M.Pharm. can also ensure you a job in Research sector as well as teaching sector!

Admission process: Reputed Pharmacy Colleges rely on merit based admission process. They allot seats to deserving candidates on the basis of marks scored by students in relevant entrance tests (National, State or College level).

Job profiles available after completing the course are-

  • Pharmacist
  • Medical representative
  • Research professional


After 12th standard, Mathematics group students may also go for Commercial Pilot training and become a Commercial Pilot! For this, they have to attend a Flight Training school. Please go through this detailed guide that I’ve written regarding Commercial Pilot Training.

The course duration varies from one institute to another! In general, it lasts between 2-3 years. After finishing training, one may land the job of a Ferry pilot or Commercial pilot in Private or Nationalized Airline companies! After retirement, one may also become a trainer. This, according to me is an added advantage that this field offers!

Colleges: In India, there exists both Private and Government Flying Schools. Flying Schools are known to offer Commercial Pilot training to deserving candidates.

Admission process: In order to secure admission, one must crack an Aptitude test (Pilot aptitude test). The Aptitude test is usually followed by an interview.

Fees: Commercial Pilot training is quite expensive in India. The entire training process could cost around 40-50 Lakh INR (average figure).


This is a job oriented Fire and Safety course that 12th science Mathematics group students may pursue. Duration of the course may vary from one institute to another. But usually, it is between 1-3 years. Job profiles consists of-

  • Safety Engineer
  • Fire Safety Officer
  • Safety Management professional
  • Instructor
  • Safety Technology Consultant

Fees: If you want to pursue Diploma in Fire Safety course, you will have to spend around 50-100K INR per year. Fees may vary from one institute to another. It also depends upon the scholarship status of the candidate.


Looking from career prospects’ point of view, Merchant Navy is a well rewarding sector! The remuneration is generally high. But the work involved requires hard work and determination.

Talking about Merchant Navy sector, there are various job posts available, like- Marine Engineer, Sailor etc. Based on the job post, there are number of courses available too. Some of the courses are- marine technology and engineering and diploma course to become sailor.

Some of the notable merchant navy courses after 12th are –

  • B.E. or B.Tech. in Marine Engineering
  • B.E. or B.Tech. in Naval Architecture
  • B.Sc. Nautical Science
  • Diploma in Nautical Science

Joined Armed Forces

Yes, this is a good option, but there is an age limit. You have to be 19 years old or younger to appear for NDA (National Defence Academy) exam. You must also have completed your 12th standard exams with A group. If you manage to pass NDA exam and SSB interview, you will get admission in NDA, Pune. You have to do a Bsc course there along with military training and studies. After 3 years in NDA and a year at IMA (Indian Military Academy), you will get a job in Indian Armed forces as an officer.


If you don’t get admission in engineering, you can take admission in Diploma engineering (Mechanical/Chemical/Electrical/Civil and most other prominent Engineering disciplines). After completing your diploma, you can go for a degree. After you get your diploma, you have to attend an engineering college for only 2 years to get a degree.

Maths group students, who have less marks may pursue Diploma instead of Degree engineering course. After completing diploma education, they may take admission in Bachelor’s Degree program using the lateral entry scheme! Some traditional technical diploma courses are-

  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
  • Diploma in Electrical Engineering
  • Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • Diploma in Chemical Engineering
  • Diploma in Mining Engineering
  • Diploma in Computer Science Engineering
  • Diploma in Marine Engineering
  • Diploma in EC Engineering
  • Diploma in IC Engineering
  • Diploma in Metallurgy
  • Diploma in Sound Engineering

Fees: Diploma in Engineering course is being offered by polytechnic colleges across India. There exists two main types of polytechnic colleges in India – Government polytechnics and private polytechnics. Govt institutes charge very low tuition fees. It could be 2-10K INR per year. Private polytechnics are known to charge relatively higher tuition fees. It could be anywhere between 30-80K INR per year.

Non-technical Diploma courses may also set you back by around 30-60K INR per year. Tuition fees depends upon type of course, level of difficulty, scholarship status of the candidate.


The most sought after course, in case of Biology group students. The duration of this course is five and a half years. Academic duration is four and a half years. This is followed by an internship that lasts a year. So, combining them together, the duration of MBBS program turns out to be 5.5 years!

Still, doing MBBS and following it up with PG course will help you build a rewarding career. Healthcare business is booming and the demand for well qualified Doctors is expected to shoot up in the future. One may get job in Government or private sectors. Also, opening one’s own Clinic is also a good option!

Fees: Completing medical education from a private institute is a costly affair. Private medical colleges are known to charge as much as – 100-500K INR per year for MBBS course. Government medical colleges, on the other hand, are known to charge relatively lower tuition fees. Some State Government medical colleges charge as low as 5-10K INR per year. This is the main reason why students prefer Govt. medical colleges over private institute.


BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. The course duration is 5 years. Of those 5 years, classroom studies make up 4 years. 1 year is dedicated towards internship!

Fees: BDS course is not as costly as MBBS. Tuition fees may vary from one college to another. It depends upon factors such as – type of college, scholarship status of the candidate, rating of the college etc.


B.A.M.S. stands for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery. If you want to become an Ayurveda Doctor, B.A.M.S. course is for you! The course duration is five and a half years. Four and a half years are dedicated towards classroom courses and rest 1 year towards internship.

In comparison to M.B.B.S. and BDS programs, getting a seat in BAMS program is easier! And talking about career prospects, the future in this sector is all set to be bright! Take a look at the pace at which Health tourism has been developing in the recent times. Ayurveda resorts and treatment evidently have played an effective role in developing health tourism.

More and more people are trying out Ayurvedic treatment, thanks to its rising popularity and lack of side effects! So, it is safe to say that job opportunities will certainly increase with time. One may land job in private as well as Government sector.

Fees: Do you know why students prefer Govt Ayurveda colleges? This is due to the fact that Govt institutes charge very low tuition fees. When it comes to Govt institutes, the Government (State or Central) takes care of funding. As a result, these colleges are able to provide subsidized education to its students.

Private colleges, on the other hand, are known to charge relatively higher tuition fees. It could be anywhere between 100-150K INR per year.


Pharm.D. is a unique course! Its name may sound similar to Pharmacy course. But it has got more to it than just the elements of Pharmacy program!

Pharm.D. can be said to be a mixture of B.Pharm., M.Pharm. as well as MBBS! Yes, this course got elements from all the above mentioned courses!

This obviously means that the course duration will be pretty long, thanks to the enormous amount of study material that it consists of. The course duration is 6 long years!

But job opportunities and career prospects are excellent! One may work abroad after doing this course. Pharm.D. Graduates are valued more in Western Countries than they are valued in India.

Fees: Pharm D course will cost you more than B.Pharm. course. If you pursue this course from private colleges, it will set you back by 75-200K INR per year. Private institutes charge relatively higher fees. Obtaining free seat or using a scholarship will significantly reduce tuition fees.


In Healthcare sector, the demand for well trained and qualified nurses is huge! The demand is increasing with time, but the supply, the number of qualified nurses graduating each year, is not satisfying this demand! In short, qualified nurses are well valued and are rewarded well for their service!

B.Sc. Nursing course is 3 years long. It can be followed up with an M.Sc. Degree. There is a notion that this course is meant exclusively for girls. But it is not true at all! Male candidates too may pursue it.

Ample amounts of jobs are available in both Private as well as Government sectors. Private as well as Government Hospitals are keen to recruit well qualified nurses!

Fees: Each year, hundreds of thousands of students apply for B.Sc. Nursing admission across India. Most of them prefer Govt seats over private seats. This is due to the fact that Government nursing colleges charge very low tuition fees.

If you want to pursue this course from a private institute, it will set you back by 60-100K INR per year. Tuition fees may vary from one institute to another.


B.H.M.S. stands for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. This course deals with Homeopathic medicines and procedures in detail. The course duration is five and a half years.

What makes this course valuable is the fact that there are still many people who rely on Homeopathic medication and treatment. So, finding job in Private hospitals won’t be a problem for B.H.M.S. Graduates.

Fees: Government homeopathy colleges are known to charge very low tuition fees. Private colleges charge relatively higher tuition fees. If you want to pursue this course without spending a fortune, try to secure admission into a Govt BHMS college. Private college education can set you back by 60-100K INR per year.


Physiotherapy professionals are well valued in Healthcare sector. They are required to help patients recover and rehabilitate from muscular injuries and physical injuries through non surgical methods.

The course duration is four and a half years. 4 years are dedicated towards classroom studies and practical lessons. 6 months are dedicated towards internship.

Talking about career prospects, after graduation, one may take up job of a physiotherapist in private as well as Government hospitals. One may also start one’s own venture.

Fees: There exists two main types of physiotherapy colleges in India – Government and private physiotherapy colleges. Govt institutes charge relatively lower tuition fees. On the other hand, private physiotherapy colleges charge relatively higher tuition fees. If you pursue this course from a private college, it will set you back by around 60-150K INR per year.


Some other 3 years long B.Sc. courses that PCB group students may pursue are-

  • B.Sc. Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. Biology
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Environmental Science
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Nursing
  • B.Sc. Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. Radiology
  • B.Sc. Bioinformatics
  • B.Sc. Anthropology
  • B.Sc. Microbiology
  • B.Sc. Zoology
  • B.Sc. Forensic Science
  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Pathology
  • B.Sc. Speech Therapy
  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Genetics
  • B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition
  • B.Sc. Sports Science
  • B.Sc. Audiology
  • B.Sc. Botany
  • B.Sc. Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. Anaesthesia and Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology

One may also follow up the above mentioned courses with an M.Sc. Degree also.


BUMS stands for Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. It is a 4½ years long professional course. After completing the course, Graduate must also do an unpaid internship lasting a duration of 1 year. Thus, it takes 5½ years to complete this course!

Students who are unable to get admission in courses like MBBS, BDS and BAMS may take up this course. On completing it, they will get the tag of Doctor!

Fees: Govt Unani colleges will charge you anywhere between 5-15K INR per year. While at college, students will also have to face other expenses such as – lodging fees, canteen fees, security deposit, exam fees, library fees etc.


BASLP stands for Bachelor of Audiology Speech Language Pathology. It is a course that focuses on Audiology, hearing disorders, auditory systems, speech language therapy, hearing implants etc. It is a 4 years long course. After completing the course, Graduates will have to do a 1 year long Internship program. Thus, in total, it takes 5 years to complete this course.

After completing the course, Graduates will be able to find a job in the following sectors- marketing of hearing implants, rehabilitation clinics (for people suffering from hearing disorders), Clinics and Hospitals, Special Schools and Educational Institutes (for children suffering from hearing disorders) and Hearing aid manufacturing industries.

Fees: If you pursue this course from a Government college, you will be charged a relatively smaller amount. But if you choose to pursue this course from a private college, it will cost you anywhere between 50-100K INR per year. While at college, students will also have to take care of other forms of expenses (lodging, canteen, exam fees, library fees etc).

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